Welcome to Wyoming snakes. While the state is fairly diverse in its snake population, fortunately only the two rattlesnake species cause concerns for the population in terms of their venomous bites.
Here’s a quick run down.
Growing up to eight feet long, the Masticophis genus of snakes called Coachwhip snakes, or whip snakes, get their name from their long, whip like appearance. Snake taxonomy changes. Of late there is debate about whether to place these snakes in the genus Masticophis or genus Coluber, the racers. Any internet search using either genera will bring up these snakes.
Racers and Whipsnakes share both physical and behavioral characteristics. Most if not all species tend to be comparatively thin and very fast movers.
Black Racer (Coluber constrictor) is the general name for one of the most widespread of all the snakes native to the United States.
In fact eleven different subspecies inhabit almost every state in the lower 48 states. Color is a common name applied to many of the species and Wyoming has a Yellow-bellied Racer population in much of the eastern portion of the state.
Striped Whipsnakes (Masticophis taeniatus) range through most of the Southwest, and as far north as the Oregon border.
Here’s a close up of the face of a Striped Whipsnake.
Plains Blackhead snakes are small thin states, less than a foot long usually. Wyoming has a very limited population.
Wyoming Snakes: Garter Snakes
Three different subspecies of the Western Terrestrial Garter Snake (Thamnophis elegans) inhabit western North America. The picture shows a typical wandering garter snake skin pattern, characterized by the light color stripes. A close up picture would show the snake’s eight upper labial scales, typical of all Thamnophis elegans subspecies.
Garter snake identification can be a fun activity because they are not aggressive snakes and taking the time to look at one means little personal harm to the observer. Their body color can range from blue, prominent in Florida blue garter snakes, to the many shades of red visible in West Coast species.
The Common Garter Snake in the picture is a rather bland looking species and easy to identify basically because it’s the primary species in most East Coast states. It’s also the most wide ranging of all the garter snakes and found in almost all of the lower 48 states.
Wyoming is also home to the more regional Plains Gartersnake (Thamnophis radix).
More Wyoming Snakes
The eastern half of the United States hosts most of the Red bellied Snake (Storeria Red-bellied snakes population. There is a western subspecies and Wyoming has a very small population in the Northwest corner that spills over from the Black Hills of South Dakota.
Brownsnakes even adapt to city life. Whereas most people on the West Coast consider the Garter Snakes as your basic garden snake, many people in the East, especially residential urban areas, think the Brownsnake as a common garden snake.
Gopher Snakes or Bullsnakes (Pituophis melanoleucus) are another of the very common snakes of the West with a small population that spills over into the Midwest. Most of eastern and northern Wyoming offer suitable habitat for them.
They can grow large and bulky. Because they somewhat resemble rattlesnakes and they tend to do a lot of basking in the sun, they tend to scare people. Approach the snake with caution and look for a rattle. If no rattle, think Bullsnake.
- Central Plains Milksnake (Lampropeltis gentilis)
- Plains Hog-nosed Snake (Heterodon nasicus)
- Smooth Greensnake (Opheodrys vernalis)
Pit Vipers – Rattlesnakes
Pit Vipers, the largest group of venomous snakes, consist of three general kinds of snakes: rattlesnakes, copperheads and cottonmouths.
Sixteen Rattlesnake species in the genus Crotalus inhabit most areas of North America, two in Wyoming. The Western Rattlesnake (Crotalus oreganus) wins the title of the most common the Rocky Mountain and Pacific western region.
Prairie Rattlesnake (Crotalus mitchellii) range extends across sixteen states with a population spillover in Wyoming.
Northern Rubber Boa (Charina bottae) tend to be a burrowing snake. They have a presence in the northwest corner of Wyoming, including Yellowstone National Park.