South Carolina Butterflies: Pictures and Butterfly Identification Help

picture of an Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, state butterfly of South Carolina, and part of the South Carolina butterflies collection

Welcome to South Carolina butterflies.

The small size of the state does little to diminish the state’s butterfly diversity. Like many states, South Carolina is characterized by the presence of many yellow butterflies, hairstreaks and brushfoots.

Also like many states South Carolina butterflies are loved by South Carolina residents to the tune of multiple butterfly houses opened across the state for residents to enjoy and learn about these important pollinators.

At last count, there were five major butterfly exhibits ocurring in the state during the season.

  • Butterfly Adventure at the EdVenture Children’s Museum in Columbia
  • Butterfly Discovery at the Coastal Discovery Museum on Hilton Head Island
  • The Butterfly Garden at the Boone Hall Plantation and Gardens near Charleston
  • Whispering Wings Butterfly Experience at the Low Country Zoo near Myrtle Beach
  • Butterfly Adventure at the Roper Mountain Science Center in Greenville

Wait, there’s more. The Master Gardener’s at Swan Lake in Sumpter want you to know about their butterfly garden. The list can continue and the moral of the story is clear. Preserving South Carolina butterflies by actively promoting butterfly gardens is a top goal for all South Carolinians.

As an added bonus, all visitors to the state have multiple opportunities to catch up on their butterfly photography in a nice afternoon adventure.

This brief introduction to South Carolina butterflies divides the group according to family, which also means in many instances dividing them according to wing color.

Space limitations mean that only a handful of butterfly pictures can be included. Please click on the green butterfly button for additional butterfly pictures and information.

Butterflies: Whites and Yellows

picture of a Dainty Sulphur butterfly on aster
Pieridae is the formal name of the family that consists of the butterflies with white wings and yellow wings.

South Carolina has the typical list of yellow butterflies for a Southern state. Fortunately for butterfly enthusiasts most of them have a state wide distribution and can be found flying throughout a good part of the year.

The picture shows a Dainty Sulphur. They ranks as the smallest of the yellow butterflies and are often found at ground level.

picture of a Checkered White Butterfly, part of the South Carolina butterfly section
The small number of white butterflies in South Carolina is also typical for Southern states. The West Virginia White is a mountain butterfly and found in the west.

No doubt most people are familiar with the Cabbage White butterfly because the caterpillars eat leaves from plants in the cabbage family, common garden vegetables. They fly around residential neighborhoods whenever there are back yard gardens in action.

The picture shows a Checkered White. The wing pattern makes it easy to identify. Most states have more of the yellow butterfly species. Here’s a list of the rest of the white butterflies and yellow butterflies documented in the state.

Falcate Orangetip
West Virginia White
Cabbage White
Checkered White
Great Southern White
Clouded Sulphur
Orange Sulphur
Southern Dogface
Cloudless Sulphur
Barred Yellow
Little Yellow
Sleepy Orange
Dainty Sulphur

Blues, Hairtreaks and Coppers

picture of a Cassius Blue Butterfly
Most South Carolina residents will see the Tailed-blues and Azures in most of the state. Holly Azures are coastal plains species.

The most interesting story of blue butterflies in the state is the story of the Cassius Blue Butterfly, pictured. Historically it is more of a subtropical species with populations in Florida and Texas. In the past twenty years, it has been discovered in Charleston and Horry counties.

picture of a southern oak hairstreak butterfly
South Carolina hairstreaks, while plentiful in species numbers, are also a hard to get item. Some, such as the Oak Hairstreak, are rare finds. Others such as the White M are more wide spread, but still not easy to find.

Other species such as the Red-banded Hairstreak have flexible habitat preferences and are therefore more common and broadly distributed. Keeping an eye out for small butterflies on shrubs might be the best tip for finding any hairstreaks in the area.

Cassius Blue
Eastern Pygmy-Blue
Eastern Tailed-Blue
Spring Azure
Summer Azure
Appalachian Azure
Holly Azure
Silvery Blue
Ceraunus Blue
Great Purple Hairstreak
Juniper Hairstreak
Brown Elfin
Frosted Elfin
Henry’s Elfin
Eastern Pine Elfin
Oak Hairstreak
Coral Hairstreak
Edwards’ Hairstreak
Banded Hairstreak
King’s Hairstreak
Striped Hairstreak
Red-banded Hairstreak
Gray Hairstreak
White-M Hairstreak

Brush Footed Butterflies

picture of a Red-spotted Purple butterfly
Brush footed butterfly diversity in the state follows a similar Southeast pattern. Visitors usually have little problem seeing many of these species. Look for the butterflies with orange colors in the wings.

There are exceptions to the orange color in the wing, as the picture of the Red-spotted Purple butterfly shows. It’s a very common species.

The ten Wood Nymph and Satyr species might be more difficult to find for the average tourist, unless they take outings to local parks.

Brush footed
Little Metalmark
American Snout
Gulf Fritillary
Zebra Heliconian
Variegated Fritillary
Diana Fritillary
Great Spangled Fritillary
Red-spotted Purple
Astyanax’ Red-spotted Purple
Hackberry Emperor
Tawny Emperor
Silvery Checkerspot
Gorgone Checkerspot
Phaon Crescent
Pearl Crescent
Texan Crescent
Brush footed
Common Buckeye
White Peacock
Question Mark
Eastern Comma
Small Tortoiseshell
Mourning Cloak
Red Admiral
Painted Lady
American Lady
Goatweed Leafwing
Southern Pearly-eye
Northern Pearly-eye
Creole Pearly-eye
Appalachian Brown
Gemmed Satyr
Georgia Satyr
Little Wood-Satyr
Carolina Satyr
Hermes Satyr
Common Wood-Nymph

Butterflies: Metalmarks

Like other southern states, only one metalmark species, the Little Metalmark, calls South Carolina home.

Butterflies: Swallowtails

picture of a zebra swallowtail butterfly
South Carolina has a few less Swallowtail butterflies than the average southern state. These are the larger butterflies that nectar on flowers in most residential areas and around tourist areas.

The state butterfly is the very common Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, pictured at the top of the page.

The picture under this section shows a Zebra Swallowtail. Look for them where ever the Pawpaw tree grows. It’s the larval host plant (tree).

  • Pipevine Swallowtail
  • Giant Swallowtail
  • Zebra Swallowtail
  • Black Swallowtail
  • Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
  • Spicebush Swallowtail
  • Palamedes Swallowtail