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Types of Lilies
Types of Flowers
A changing taxonomy moves members of the genus Dichelostemma (lily family) along with other lily genera, to the Themidaceae family.
Bluedicks (Dichelostemma capitatum), top picture, are the most wide ranging of the six Dichelostemma species, found growing in the West from Oregon to New Mexico.
Multiple flowers bloom on a long, slender stem, and the flowers come in shades of white, blue and purple.
Thin, red petals on the firecracker flower (Dichelostemma ida-maia) makes this native Northern California and Southern Oregon Dichelostemma a popular garden plant.
Multiple flowers grow on on a single stem reaching up to two feet in height. In a natural setting, they grow at low and high elevations on the edges of forested areas.
They begin blooming in mid to late spring, and with good timing, some plants may be in full bloom during the 4th of July celebration. They also attract hummingbirds.
Thought to be a natural hybrid of the Firecracker Flower and Ookow, the Dichelostemma Pink Diamond, or Pink Firecracker Flower is a native Northern California and Southern Oregon species.
Like the Firecracker Flower, it is a popular garden plant that grows hardily in dry summer soils along forested areas.
The thin, pink petals grow atop a single stem that can reach over a foot in height. The begin blooming in mid to late spring.
Snakelilies, genus Dichelostemma, West Coast native plants, generally get characterized by their multiple blooms on a thin, single stem.
Each of the six species has a name, however, with the exception of the firecracker flowers, a June and July red bloomer, flower appearance varies only slightly.
The flowers come in shades of red and purple, with the purple flowering plants like the one in the top picture, sometimes collectively called either bluedicks or ookow, depending on location. The fourth picture probably shows the ookow, (Dichelostemma congestum) the more common Pacific Northwest purple snakelily.
Most of the species grow in meadows and around open woodland areas from late spring through early summer.
© 2009-2013 Patricia A. Michaels